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E. Notes de version

Les notes de version contiennent les modifications significatives apparaissant dans chaque version de PostgreSQL™. Elles contiennent aussi les fonctionnalités majeures et les problèmes de migration éventuels. Les notes de version ne contiennent pas les modifications qui n'affectent que peu d'utilisateurs ainsi que les modifications internes, non visibles pour les utilisateurs. Par exemple, l'optimiseur est amélioré dans pratiquement chaque version, mais les améliorations ne sont visibles par les utilisateurs que par la plus grande rapidité des requêtes.

Une liste complète de modifications est récupérable pour chaque version en lisant les validations Git. La liste de diffusion pgsql-committers enregistre en plus toutes les modifications du code source. Il existe aussi une interface web montrant les modifications sur chaque fichier.

Le nom apparaissant auprès de chaque élément précise le développeur principal de cet élément. Bien sûr, toutes les modifications impliquent des discussions de la communauté et une relecture des correctifs, donc chaque élément est vraiment un travail de la communauté.

E.1. Release 12

Release date: 2019-??-?? AS OF 2019-05-09

E.1.1. Overview

Major enhancements in PostgreSQL™ 12 include:

  • big item

The above items are explained in more detail in the sections below.

E.1.2. Migration to Version 12

A dump/restore using pg_dumpall(1), or use of pg_upgrade(1), is required for those wishing to migrate data from any previous release.

Version 12 contains a number of changes that may affect compatibility with previous releases. Observe the following incompatibilities:

  • Remove the special behavior of OID columns (Andres Freund, John Naylor)

    Previously, a normally-invisible OID column could be specified during table creation using WITH OIDS; that ability has been removed. Columns can still be explicitly specified as type OID. Operations on tables that have columns named OID (created using WITH OIDS) will need adjustment. SELECT * will now output those columns for the many system tables which have them. Previously, the columns had to be selected explicitly.

  • Remove data types abstime, reltime, and tinterval (Andres Freund)

  • Remove the timetravel™ extension (Andres Freund)

  • Move recovery.conf settings into postgresql.conf (Fujii Masao, Simon Riggs, Abhijit Menon-Sen, Sergei Kornilov)

    recovery.conf is no longer used, and the server will not start if the file exists. recovery.signal and standby.signal are now used to switch into non-primary mode. trigger_file has been renamed to promote_trigger_file. The standby_mode setting has been removed.

  • Do not allow multiple conflicting recovery_target* specifications (Peter Eisentraut)

    Specifically, only allow one of recovery_target, recovery_target_lsn, recovery_target_name, recovery_target_time, recovery_target_xid. Previously, multiple different instances of the variables above could be specified, and the last one was honored. Now, only one can be specified, though the same one can be specified multiple times and the last specification is honored.

  • Cause recovery to advance to the latest timeline by default (Peter Eisentraut)

    Specifically, recovery_target_timeline now defaults to latest. Previously, it defaulted to current.

  • Refactor geometric functions and operators (Emre Hasegeli)

    This could lead to more accurate, but slightly different, results from previous releases.

  • Restructure geometric types to handle NaN, underflow, overflow and division by zero more consistently (Emre Hasegeli)

  • Improve behavior and error reporting for the line data type (Emre Hasegeli)

  • Improve performance by changing the default number of trailing digits output for REAL and DOUBLE PRECISION values (Andrew Gierth)

    Previously, float values were output rounded to 6 or 15 decimals by default. Now, only the number of digits required to preserve the exact binary value is output. The previous behavior can be restored by setting extra_float_digits to zero.

  • Change XML functions like xpath() to never pretty-print their output (Tom Lane)

    Previously, this happened in some rare cases. ACCURATE? HOW TO GET PRETTY PRINT OUTPUT?

  • Rename command-line tool pg_verify_checksums to pg_checksums(1) (Michaël Paquier)

  • Require specification of pg_restore(1) -f - to send the dump contents to stdout (Euler Taveira)

    The previous behavior was considered confusing.

  • Disallow psql's \pset format command from using non-unique abbreviations (Daniel Vérité)

    Previously, \pset format a chose aligned; it will now error.

  • The maximum btree index length is now reduced by eight bytes; a REINDEX(7) operation could potentially fail.

  • Allow data type name to use non-C collations (Tom Lane, Daniel Vérité)

    It still uses the "C" collation by default, rather than defaulting to the database collation. Regular expression operations on data type name columns will now use the "C" collation; you will need to override the collation if you want to use locale-specific regular expression patterns, e.g., \w.

  • Cause DROP IF EXISTS FUNCTION/PROCEDURE/AGGREGATE/ROUTINE to generate an error if no arguments are supplied and there are multiple matching objects (David Rowley)

    Also improve the error message in such cases.

  • Remove obsolete pg_constraint.consrc column (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Remove obsolete pg_attrdef.adsrc column (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Remove the ability to disable dynamic shared memory (Kyotaro Horiguchi)

    Specifically, dynamic_shared_memory_type can no longer be set to none.

E.1.3. Changes

Below you will find a detailed account of the changes between PostgreSQL™ 12 and the previous major release.

E.1.3.1. Server

E.1.3.1.1. Partitioning
  • Improve performance of many operations on partitioned tables (Amit Langote, David Rowley, Tom Lane, Álvaro Herrera)

    Allow tables with thousands of child partitions to be processed efficiently by operations that only affect a small number of partitions.

  • Allow foreign keys to reference partitioned tables (Álvaro Herrera)

  • Improve speed of COPY into partitioned tables (David Rowley)

  • Allow partitions bounds to be any expression (Kyotaro Horiguchi, Tom Lane, Amit Langote)

    Expressions are evaluated at partitioned table creation time. Previously, only constants were allowed as partitions bounds.

  • Allow CREATE TABLE's tablespace specification for a partitioned table to affect the tablespace of its children (David Rowley, Álvaro Herrera)

  • Avoid sorting when partitions are already being scanned in the necessary order (David Rowley)

  • ATTACH PARTITION is now performed with reduced locking requirements (Robert Haas)

  • Add partition introspection functions (Michaël Paquier, Álvaro Herrera, Amit Langote)

    New function pg_partition_root() returns the top-most parent of a partition tree, pg_partition_ancestors() reports all ancestors of a partition, and pg_partition_tree() displays information about partitions.

  • Include partitioned indexes in the system view pg_indexes (Suraj Kharage)

  • Add psql command \dP to list partitioned tables and indexes (Pavel Stěhule)

  • Improve psql \d and \z display of partitioned tables (Pavel Stěhule, Michaël Paquier, Álvaro Herrera)

  • Fix bugs that could cause ALTER TABLE DETACH PARTITION to not drop objects that should be dropped, such as automatically-created child indexes (Tom Lane)

E.1.3.1.2. Indexes
  • Improve performance and space utilization of btree indexes with many duplicates (Peter Geoghegan, Heikki Linnakangas)

    Previously, duplicate index entries were stored unordered within their duplicate groups. This caused overhead during index inserts, wasted space due to excessive page splits, and reduced VACUUM's ability to recycle entire pages. Duplicate index entries are now sorted in heap-storage order.

    Indexes pg_upgraded from previous releases will not have these benefits.

  • Allow multi-column btree indexes to be smaller (Peter Geoghegan, Heikki Linnakangas)

    Internal pages and min/max leaf page indicators now only store index keys until the change key, rather than all indexed keys. This also improves the locality of index access.

    Indexes pg_upgraded from previous releases will not have these benefits.

  • Improve speed of btree index insertions by reducing locking overhead (Alexander Korotkov)

  • Support INCLUDE columns in GiST indexes (Andrey Borodin)

  • Add support for nearest-neighbor (KNN) searches of SP-GiST indexes (Nikita Glukhov, Alexander Korotkov, Vlad Sterzhanov)

  • Reduce the WAL write overhead of GiST, GIN and SP-GiST index creation (Anastasia Lubennikova, Andrey V. Lepikhov)

  • Allow index-only scans to be more efficient on indexes with many columns (Konstantin Knizhnik)

  • Improve the performance of vacuum scans of GiST indexes (Andrey Borodin, Konstantin Kuznetsov, Heikki Linnakangas)

  • Delete empty leaf pages during GiST VACUUM (Andrey Borodin)

  • Reduce locking requirements for index renaming (Peter Eisentraut)

E.1.3.1.3. Optimizer
  • Allow CREATE STATISTICS(7) to create most-common-value statistics for multiple columns (Tomas Vondra)

    This improves optimization for columns with non-uniform distributions that often appear in WHERE clauses.

  • Allow common table expressions (CTE) to be inlined in later parts of the query (Andreas Karlsson, Andrew Gierth, David Fetter, Tom Lane)

    Specifically, CTEs are inlined if they are not recursive and are referenced only once later in the query. Inlining can be prevented by specifying MATERIALIZED, and forced by specifying NOT MATERIALIZED. Previously, CTEs were never inlined and were always evaluated before the rest of the query.

  • Allow control over when generic plans are used for prepared statements (Pavel Stěhule)

    This is controlled by the plan_cache_mode server variable.

  • Improve optimization of self-joins involving columns of type tid (Tom Lane)

  • Improve optimization of partition and UNION ALL queries that have only a single child (David Rowley)

  • Improve optimizations for domains that have no check constraints (Tom Lane)

  • Inline calls to LEAST and GREATEST to improve optimization (Vik Fearing)

  • Allow IS NOT NULL with mis-matching types to use partial indexes more frequently (Tom Lane)

  • Allow IN comparisons with arrays to use IS NOT NULL partial indexes more frequently (James Coleman)

  • Store statistics using the collation defined for each column (Tom Lane)

    Previously, the default collation was used for all statistics storage. This potentially gives better optimizer behavior for columns with non-default collations.

  • Improve optimizer estimates for tid inequality comparisons (Edmund Horner)

  • Fix the btree leakproof designation of some functions (Tom Lane)

    This allows for more complex optimizations.

E.1.3.1.4. General Performance
  • Enable Just-in-Time (JIT) compilation by default (Andres Freund)

  • Greatly reduce memory consumption of COPY(7) and function calls (Andres Freund, Tomas Vondra, Tom Lane)

  • Speed up keyword lookup (John Naylor, Joerg Sonnenberger, Tom Lane)

  • Improve search performance for multi-byte characters (Heikki Linnakangas)

  • Allow TOAST values to be minimally decompressed (Paul Ramsey)

    This is useful for routines that only look at values at the start of the TOAST field.

  • Allow ALTER TABLE .. SET NOT NULL to avoid unnecessary checking (Sergei Kornilov)

    This can happen if column constraints already prevent nulls.

  • Allow ALTER TABLE .. SET DATA TYPE timestamp/timestamptz to avoid a table rewrite when the session time zone is UTC (Noah Misch)

    In the UTC time zone, the data types are binary compatible.

  • Improve speed in converting strings to int2/int4 integers (Andres Freund)

  • Allow parallelized queries when in SERIALIZABLE isolation mode (Thomas Munro)

    Previously, parallelism was disabled when in this mode.

  • Use pread() and pwrite() for random I/O (Oskari Saarenmaa, Thomas Munro)

    This reduces the number of system calls required.

  • Improve the speed of setting the process title on FreeBSD (Thomas Munro)

E.1.3.1.5. Monitoring
  • Allow logging of only a percentage of statements and transactions meeting log_min_duration_statement criteria (Adrien Nayrat)

    The parameters ??? and log_transaction_sample_rate control this.

  • Report progress of CREATE INDEX and REINDEX operations (Álvaro Herrera, Peter Eisentraut)

    Progress is reported in the pg_stat_progress_create_index system view

  • Add progress reporting to CLUSTER and VACUUM FULL (Tatsuro Yamada)

    Progress is reported in the pg_stat_progress_cluster system view.

  • Add progress reporting to pg_checksums(1) (Michael Banck, Bernd Helmle)

    This is enabled with the option --progress.

  • Add counter of checksum failures to pg_stat_database (Magnus Hagander)

  • Add tracking of global objects in system view pg_stat_database (Julien Rouhaud)

    Global objects have a pg_stat_database.datoid value of zero.

  • Add the ability to list the contents of the archive directory (Christoph Moench-Tegeder)

    The function is pg_ls_archive_statusdir().

  • Add the ability to list the contents of temporary directories (Nathan Bossart)

    The function, pg_ls_tmpdir(), optionally allows specification of a tablespace.

  • Add information about the client certificate to the system view pg_stat_ssl (Peter Eisentraut)

    The new columns are client_serial and issuer_dn. Column clientdn has been renamed to client_dn, for clarity.

  • Restrict visibility of rows in pg_stat_ssl by unprivileged users (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Add the version number to the server startup log message (Christoph Berg)

  • Prevent logging of empty "incomplete" startup packets (Tom Lane)

  • Unconditionally include application_name in server log authentication messages (Don Seiler)

  • Have the walreceiver set its application name to the cluster name, if set (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Add the timestamp of the last received standby message to pg_stat_replication (Lim MyungKyu)

  • Add wait event for fsync of WAL segments (Konstantin Knizhnik)

E.1.3.1.5.1. Information Schema
  • Allow more use of indexes for text comparisons with information_schema columns (Tom Lane)

  • Use "C" collation for information_schema and the system tables (Tom Lane)

    This will produce more consistent behavior in databases with different collations, but will also cause these tables to produce results in "C" collation ordering, rather than the default collation for the database.

  • Force information_schema outputs to honor the system-defined maximum 63-byte identifier length (Tom Lane)

E.1.3.1.6. Authentication
  • Add GSSAPI client and server-side encryption support (Robbie Harwood, Stephen Frost)

    Add pg_hba.conf hostgssenc and hostnogssenc record types. This would typically use the gss authentication method. This also adds a libpq gssencmode option, and a pg_stat_gssapi system view.

  • Allow the clientcert pg_hba.conf option to check that the database user name matches the certificate common name (Julian Markwort, Marius Timmer)

    The new check is enabled with clientcert=verify-full.

  • Allow discovery of the LDAP server using DNS SRV records (Thomas Munro)

    This avoids the requirement of specifying ldapserver, and is only supported if PostgreSQL™ is compiled with OpenLDAP™.

  • Prevent TRUNCATE(7) from requesting a lock on tables for which the user lacks permission (Michaël Paquier)

    This prevents unauthorized locking, which could interfere with user queries.

  • Prevent VACUUM and ANALYZE from requesting a lock on tables for which it lacks permission (Michaël Paquier)

    This prevents unauthorized locking, which could interfere with user queries.

E.1.3.1.7. Server Configuration
  • Add ability to enable/disable cluster checksums using pg_checksums(1) (Michael Banck, Michaël Paquier)

    The cluster must be offline for these operations.

  • Reduce the default value of autovacuum_vacuum_cost_delay to 2ms (Tom Lane)

  • Allow vacuum_cost_delay to specify sub-millisecond delays (Tom Lane)

    Floating-point values can also now be specified.

  • Allow time-based server variables to use micro-seconds (us) (Tom Lane)

  • Allow fractional input for integer server variables (Tom Lane)

    For example, SET work_mem = '30.1GB'.

  • Allow units to be specified for floating-point server variables (Tom Lane)

  • Add wal_recycle and wal_init_zero server variables to avoid WAL file recycling (Jerry Jelinek)

    This can be beneficial on copy-on-write file systems like ZFS™.

  • Add parameter to control the server TCP timeout (Ryohei Nagaura)

    The parameter is tcp_user_timeout.

  • Allow control of the minimum and maximum SSL> protocol versions (Peter Eisentraut)

    The server settings are ssl_min_protocol_version and ssl_max_protocol_version.

  • Add server variable ssl_library to report the SSL library version used by the server (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Add server variable to control the type of shared memory to use (Andres Freund)

    The variable is shared_memory_type. Its purpose is to allow selection of System V™ shared memory, if desired.

E.1.3.2. Streaming Replication and Recovery

E.1.3.3. Utility Commands

  • Add REINDEX(7) CONCURRENTLY to allow reindexing concurrently (Michaël Paquier, Andreas Karlsson, Peter Eisentraut)

    This is also controlled by the reindexdb(1) --concurrently option.

  • Add support for generated columns (Peter Eisentraut)

    The content of generated columns are computed from expressions (including references to other columns in the same table) rather than being specified by INSERT or UPDATE commands.

  • Add a WHERE clause to COPY FROM which controls which rows are output (Surafel Temesgen)

  • Allow enumerated values to be added in more transaction types (Andrew Dunstan, Tom Lane, Thomas Munro)

    Previously, ALTER TYPE ... ADD VALUE could only be called in a transaction that created the enumerated type. Now, the only restriction is that the new enumerated value cannot be referenced until the transaction commits.

  • Add command to end a transaction and start a new one (Peter Eisentraut)

    The commands are COMMIT AND CHAIN and ROLLBACK AND CHAIN.

  • Allow the creation of collations that report string equality for strings that are not byte-wise equal (Peter Eisentraut)

    This allows case and accent-agnostic equality comparisons using "nondeterministic" collations. This is only supported for ICU collations. MENTION ITS AFFECT ON ORDERING?

  • Add VACUUM(7) and CREATE TABLE options to prevent VACUUM from truncating trailing empty pages (Tsunakawa Takayuki)

    The options are vacuum_truncate and toast.vacuum_truncate. This reduces vacuum locking requirements.

  • Allow vacuum to avoid index cleanup with the INDEX_CLEANUP option (Masahiko Sawada)

  • Add the ability to skip VACUUM and ANALYZE operations on tables that cannot be immediately locked (Nathan Bossart)

    This option is called SKIP_LOCKED.

  • Allow VACUUM and ANALYZE to take optional boolean argument specifications (Masahiko Sawada)

  • Add EXPLAIN(7) option SETTINGS to output non-default optimizer settings (Tomas Vondra)

    This can also be output in auto-explain via auto_explain.log_settings.

  • Allow aggregates to be replaced (Andrew Gierth)

    The command is CREATE OR REPLACE AGGREGATE.

  • Allow modifications of system table options using ALTER TABLE(7) (Peter Eisentraut)

    This allows modifications of reloptions and autovacuum settings.

  • Allow RECORD and RECORD[] to be used as column types in a query's column definition list for a table function that is declared to return RECORD (Elvis Pranskevichus)

  • Use all column names when creating default foreign key constraint names (Peter Eisentraut)

    Previously, only the first column name was used.

E.1.3.4. Data Types

  • Update Snowball stemmer dictionaries with support for new languages (Arthur Zakirov)

    This adds stemming for Arabic, Indonesian, Irish, Lithuanian, Nepali, and Tami to full text search.

  • Add support for ICU collation customization attributes (Peter Eisentraut)

    This allow modification of the collation rules. DETAILS?

  • Allow data type name to more seamlessly be compared to other text types (Tom Lane)

E.1.3.5. Functions

  • Add support for the SQL/JSON path language (Nikita Glukhov, Teodor Sigaev, Alexander Korotkov, Oleg Bartunov, Liudmila Mantrova)

    This allows execution of complex queries on JSON values using an SQL-standard language.

  • Add support for hyperbolic functions (Lætitia Avrot)

    Also add log10() as alias for log(), for standards compliance.

  • Improve the accuracy of statistical aggregates like variance() by using more precise algorithms (Dean Rasheed)

  • Allow date_trunc() to have an additional argument to control the time zone (Vik Fearing, Tom Lane)

    This is faster and simpler than using the AT TIME ZONE clause.

  • Adjust to_timestamp()/to_date() functions to be more forgiving of template mismatches (Artur Zakirov, Alexander Korotkov, Liudmila Mantrova)

    This new behavior more closely matches the Oracle™ functions of the same name. DETAILS?

  • Improve node detection and escaping of XML functions (Pavel Stěhule, Markus Winand, Chapman Flack)

    Specifically, in XMLTABLE, xpath(), and xmlexists().

  • Allow the XML BY VALUE clause (Chapman Flack)

    The clause has no effect.

  • Prevent current_schema() and current_schemas() from being run by parallel workers (Michaël Paquier)

E.1.3.6. PL/pgSQL

  • Allow commands and variables with the same name as commands to be used in the same PL/pgSQL function (Tom Lane)

    For example, allow a variable called comment to exist in the same function that calls the comment SQL command.

  • Add new optional warning and error checks to PL/pgSQL (Pavel Stěhule)

    The new checks allow for run-time validation of INTO column counts and single-row results.

E.1.3.7. Client Interfaces

  • Allow ecpg(1) to create variables of data type bytea (Ryo Matsumura)

    This allows to interaction with bytea data directly, rather than using a binary encoding.

  • Add DECLARE STATEMENT support to ECPG™ (Takeshi Ideriha, Hayato Kuroda)

    This allows statements to be associated with named connections, so future operations like cursors don't need to re-reference the connection name.

  • Add parameter to control libpq's TCP timeout (Ryohei Nagaura)

    The parameter is tcp_user_timeout.

  • Allow libpq to report the SQLSTATE to output only this value (Didier Gautheron)

  • Add libpq function to report the memory size of the query result (Lars Kanis, Tom Lane)

    The function is PQresultMemorySize().

  • Remove the no-display/debug flag from the libpq options parameter (Peter Eisentraut)

    This allows the option to be used by postgres_fdw.

E.1.3.8. Client Applications

  • Allow vacuumdb(1) to select tables for vacuum based on their wraparound horizon (Nathan Bossart)

    The options are --min-xid-age and --min-mxid-age.

  • Add colorization to the output of command-line utilities (Peter Eisentraut)

    This is enabled with by setting environment variable PG_COLORS. EXAMPLE?

psql(1)
  • Add CSV table output mode in psql (Daniel Vérité)

    This is controlled by \pset format csv or the command-line --csv option.

  • Show the manual page URL in psql's \help output (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Display the IP address in psql's \conninfo (Fabien Coelho)

  • Improve tab completion of CREATE TABLE, CREATE TRIGGER, CREATE EVENT TRIGGER, ANALYZE, EXPLAIN, VACUUM, ALTER TABLE, ALTER INDEX, ALTER DATABASE, ALTER INDEX ALTER COLUMN (Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsåker, Tatsuro Yamada, Michaël Paquier, Tom Lane, Justin Pryzby)

E.1.3.8.2. pgbench
  • Allow values produced by queries to be assigned to pgbench variables (Fabien Coelho, Álvaro Herrera)

    The commands is \gset.

  • Improve precision of pgbench's --rate option (Tom Lane)

  • Improve pgbench error reporting with clearer messages and return codes (Peter Eisentraut)

E.1.3.9. Server Applications

  • Allow vacuumdb to disable waiting for locks or skipping all-visible pages (Nathan Bossart)

    The options are --skip-locked and --disable-page-skipping.

  • Allow control of log file rotation via pg_ctl(1) (Kyotaro Horiguchi, Alexander Kuzmenkov, Alexander Korotkov)

    Previously, this was only possible via an SQL function or a process signal.

  • Properly detach the server on pg_ctl start (Paul Guo)

    This prevents later shell activity from interfering with the postmaster.

  • Allow pg_upgrade(1) to use the file system cloning feature (Peter Eisentraut)

    The --clone option has the advantages of --link, while preventing the old cluster from being changed after the new cluster has started.

  • Allow specification of the pg_upgrade socket directory (Daniel Gustafsson)

    This is controlled by --socketdir; the default is the current directory.

  • Allow pg_checksums(1) to disable fsync operations (Michaël Paquier)

    This is controlled by the --no-sync option.

  • Allow pg_rewind(1) to disable fsync operations (Michaël Paquier)

E.1.3.9.1. pg_dump, pg_dumpall, pg_restore
  • Allow control over the number of rows each pg_dump INSERT statement uses (Surafel Temesgen, David Rowley)

    The option is --rows-per-insert.

  • Add --exclude-database option to pg_dumpall (Andrew Dunstan)

  • Allow pg_dump to emit INSERT ... ON CONFLICT DO NOTHING (Surafel Temesgen)

    This avoids conflict failures during restore. The pg_dump option is --on-conflict-do-nothing.

  • Decouple the order of parallel pg_dump from the order used by pg_restore (Tom Lane)

    This allows pg_restore to perform more efficient parallel restores.

  • Allow the number of float digits to be specified for pg_dump and pg_dumpall (Andrew Dunstan)

    This allows the float digit output to match previous dumps.

E.1.3.10. Source Code

  • Add CREATE ACCESS METHOD(7) command to create new table types (Andres Freund, Haribabu Kommi, Álvaro Herrera, Alexander Korotkov, Dmitry Dolgov)

    This enables the development of new table access methods, which can optimize storage for different use-cases. The existing heap access method remains the default.

  • Add support function capability to improve optimizer estimates, inlining, and indexing for functions (Tom Lane)

    This allows extensions to create planner support functions that can provide function-specific selectivity, cost, and row-count estimates that can depend on the function's arguments. Support functions can also supply simplified representations and index conditions, greatly expanding optimization possibilities.

  • Reserve a range of oids (9000-9999) to be used for external extensions (Andres Freund)

  • Build Cygwin™ binaries using dynamic instead of static libraries (Marco Atzeri)

  • Remove configure switch --disable-strong-random (Michaël Paquier)

    A strong random source is now required.

  • Properly report Winsock errors on Windows™ (Tom Lane)

  • Require a C99-supported compiler, and MSVC 2013 or later on Windows™ (Andres Freund)

E.1.3.11. Documentation

  • Add images to the PostgreSQL™ documentation (Jürgen Purtz)

  • More clearly document the problems of server failure during exclusive base backups (David Steele, Robert Haas)

  • Document that the B/bytes units can be specified for server variables (Greg Stark)

  • Add documentation for aclitem functions and operators (Fabien Coelho, John Naylor)

  • Update documentation on the use of NFS (Peter Eisentraut)

E.1.3.12. Additional Modules

  • Allow more ORDER BY sorts and LIMIT clauses to be pushed to postgres_fdw foreign tables (Etsuro Fujita)

  • Improve optimizer cost accounting for pushdown of aggregates to postgres_fdw tables (Etsuro Fujita)

    This release also improves costing of postgres_fdw target list generation.

  • Properly honor WITH CHECK OPTION on views that reference postgres_fdw tables (Etsuro Fujita)

    While CHECK OPTIONs on postgres_fdw tables are ignored (because the reference is foreign), views on such tables are considered local, so this release enforces CHECK OPTIONs on them. Previously, only INSERTs and UPDATEs with RETURNING clauses that returned CHECK OPTION values were validated.

  • Allow pg_stat_statements_reset() to be more granular (Haribabu Kommi, Amit Kapila)

    The function now allows reset of statistics for specific databases, users, and queries.

  • Allow control of the auto_explain log level (Tom Dunstan, Andrew Dunstan)

    The default is LOG.

  • Update unaccent rules with new punctuation and symbols (Hugh Ranalli, Michaël Paquier)

  • Allow unaccent to handle some accents encoded as combining characters (Hugh Ranalli)

  • Allow unaccent to remove accents from Greek characters (Tasos Maschalidis)

  • Add 64-bit hash function to citext (Amul Sul)

    The function citext_hash_extended() also requires a seed value. NO DOCS?

  • Add 64-bit hash function to hstore (Amul Sul)

    The function hstore_hash_extended() also requires a seed value. NO DOCS?

  • Improve oid2name(1) and vacuumlo(1) option handling to match other commands (Tatsuro Yamada)

E.1.4. Acknowledgments

The following individuals (in alphabetical order) have contributed to this release as patch authors, committers, reviewers, testers, or reporters of issues.